History of Robot and Journey to RPA
In ancient Greece, the Greek engineer Ctesibius (c. 260 BC) created the first moving limb and water clock using pneumatics and hydraulic technology. In the 4th century BC, the Greek mathematician Tantum Architus created a mechanically evaporated bird he called "The Pigeon". The Hero of Alexandria (10-70 AD) was a Greek mathematician and inventor who created many usable automatic devices powered by air pressure, steam, and water.
In ancient China, a description of the humanoid Automator was found in Li Ji's 3rd-century text, in which the Chinese emperor Mung Zhou and a mechanical engineer were also known as 'artisans'. Yen Shi proudly presented the king in human form where he used handmade wood, leather, and artificial limbs. There are also accounts of flying automation in Han Fei Ji and other texts, including evidence of the philosopher Moji of Mahisht in the 5th century BC and the artificial wooden bird of his contemporary Lu Ban (My Yuan) that can fly successfully. In 106, the Chinese inventor Su Sung made a water clock that was in the shape of a tower. In which mechanical technology was used which indicated time.
The history of robots originated in the biblical world. The development of modern ideas about it began with the beginning of the industrial revolution, which was created through the use of complex machinery. It was possible to build powerful machines with small compact motors in the early twentieth century. Karel Capek first invented the robot in 1921.
But the world's first programmable robot is Unimet. In 1954, George Devl invented the world's first digital and programmable robot. He named it Unimate. In 1981, it was sold to a company called General Motors. Unimet's job was to move the iron timber and move all heavy objects from one place to another. The journey of modern robots began with the discovery of automated robots by the hands of Unimet.
Then in 1968, Stanford University was discovered by Shakee Robot. It was the first automated autonomous, artificial intelligence-based robot. This robot is built to enable to overcome obstacles by looking at the obstacles on a table and by looking around the room.
Leonardo da Vinci (1425-1519) was one of the first recorded designs of a human-robot in 1495. One of Leonardo's notebooks, discovered in the 1950s, contains a detailed drawing of a mechanical knight's musical instrument, capable of sitting, waving his arms, and moving his head and jaw. In 1533, Johannes Muller von Koneisberg made an automatron eagle and made iron; Both can fly. John Deo is also known for making a wooden loaf, capable of flying.
RPA machines are used to perform tasks with high accuracy at fast intervals. Virtual robots (as opposed to robots floating in the Amazon warehouse) are used to perform automated steps in a process. A distinctive aspect of virtual robots is that their actions are performed based on the end-user perspective. This gives additional visibility to the functionality of a software or process that will not address a system monitoring tool. Typically, these transactions are performed repetitively and at high volumes, since the virtual robot is capable of operating 24/7. Typically, the meanings of RPA are described as follows, Robotic are entities that mimic human actions called Robots. A process is a sequence of steps that lead to meaningful activity. For example, the process of making tea or your favorite dish, etc. Automation is any process that is done by a robot without human intervention.
When these two terms are combined, we get Robotic Process Automation, which is described as the imitation of human action in order to perform a series of steps that leads to a meaningful activity without requiring human intervention.
Classification of RPA
There are different uses and types of RPAs on the market today. Large enterprises have seen cost savings for a team of virtual robots to perform tasks such as reading a claim form, classifying it, and entering it into another system. We'll classify this as "work virtual robot."
Another type of virtual robot can be used for monitoring and quality assurance. Virtual robots in this test do not "work" or perform complete transactions and instead monitor and point to a process. For example, if an organization has an e-commerce website, the virtual robot will constantly look for any frustrations or breakdowns in the shopping experience, enabling IT organizations to take responsive action in a responsive manner. The most burning question of this time, Is RAP the same as artificial intelligence (AI)?
RPA is not AI, and RPA is not AI. However, combining RPA and AI opens up a slew of new possibilities for businesses all over the world. For starters, RPA technology now allows RPA robots to incorporate advanced AI skills such as machine learning models, natural language processing (NLP), character and image recognition, and more. Moreover, AI and RPA together are creating a new pipeline for scientific research. In particular, most of the AI programs work in the backend of the software field. So RPA can play a very good role as a support in the front line. Because RPA is a process that is able to use AIE's software. Robots can be configured to apply machine learning models to automated decision-making processes and analyzes, bringing machine intelligence deep into day-to-day operations.
Types of Robotic Process Automation
The various types of RPA are listed below:
Attended automation: When executing automation procedures, these tools will require human interaction.
Unattended automation: These machines are knowledgeable and capable of making decisions on their own.
Hybrid RPA: These techniques can incorporate both attended and unattended automation capabilities.
Industries using RPS:
Healthcare: It can assist with appointments, patient data entry, claims processing, billing, and other tasks in the healthcare sector.
Retail: It aids in the updating of orders, sending updates, shipping goods, and monitoring shipments in the retail industry.
Telecommunications: It will assist the telecommunications sector in reporting, fraud data management, and consumer data updates.
Banking: RPA is used in the banking industry to increase work efficiency, data quality, and data protection.
Manufacturing: RPA tools aid supply chain procedures in the manufacturing sector. It aids in material billing, administration, customer care and assistance, reporting, and data migration, among other things.
Not natural, artificial
Has the ability to feel the environment.
Can work with environmental objects.
There is some intelligence with which to understand the environment and make decisions.
Programmable via computer.
Can rotate and move.
Can efficiently display well-controlled movements.
Working voluntarily, it may seem so.
Robotic process automation & Bangladesh
Robots used in industrial factories
In manufacturing plants, robots are used. In most industrial plants, robots consist of a single hand (multi-linked manipulator) with a fixed surface attached. The gripper assembly is one of the most popular forms of producers. In iOS 6363, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) describes a deceptive industrial robot as: "Automatically operated, reprogrammable, and flexible," says the manufacturer. This definition is used by the International Federation of Robotics, the European Robotics Research Network (EUR) and many national standards committees.Although a developing country, Digital Bangladesh is currently ensuring the automation of robotics in various fields. The use of robotics to open restaurant doors is a common occurrence in Bangladesh nowadays. Many artificial researchers are hoping that in the near future there will be robots as table waiters. At the same time, Bangladesh is not lagging behind in the use of robotics in the industry. Its robot automation in various production management, raw material collection and processing of garment industry is expected to increase day by day.
The most popular types of robots in the industry are robotic arms and manipulators, which are mainly used for production and distribution. There is no definition for the term "support robot." According to the International Federation of Robotics, a service robot is a robot that is deployed in a semi-autonomous or fully autonomous organization that is suitable for the convenience of people.In line with the development progress of the world, Bangladesh is not lagging behind in the use of robot automation in various services. In addition to its use in real life, the use of auto robotics is also being noticed in various web based services in Bangladesh. Although the web based robot is not a real life robot. Such as chatbots. The use of robots in e-commerce sites and medical services is also being investigated. It is hoped that the service will start better in Bangladesh.
Robots used in education
Ensuring the use of robots in education is not an easy task for Bangladesh. However, various universities in the country have been conducting research on robotics, and as a result, they are confirming the use of automation robots in different places. Such as the use of auto robots in agriculture. Through which various necessary ingredients including toxic pesticides can be given on the field crops. Moreover the robot will turn on the automatic water pump considering the water level in the ground. Such results can be found in robotics. But there is a lack of auto use of robots in education in Bangladesh.
Modular robots are a new type of robot defined by its architecture, design, and modularization. Modular robots are easier to improve in terms of performance and effectiveness than traditional robots. These robots are made up of one kind of single, multiple identical, or similar-shaped modules.Since they can be constructed with 8-degree free independence, their architectural structure provides a degree of freedom. An industrial robot is a type of robot that can interact with human workers safely and securely while performing tasks. However, before determining if any threats to the environment can be generated, industrial speed control applications should be used.
SWORDS robots, which are currently used in ground-based war, are examples of military robots. It has been given the ability to use a range of firearms and has been given some automated ability to monitor the battlefield situation. The use of military robots in warfare and defense systems has become widespread throughout the world. However, Bangladesh lags far behind. Then in different places of the military nowadays small changes are also seen in Bangladesh. They are also ensuring the use of various types of automation robots such as drones to conduct various operations. There are also signs of the use of various robots to put out fires in the fire service, although it has not been widely introduced.
Dirty, dangerous, dull or inaccessible work
A lot of jobs can be delegated to robots rather than humans. Some activities are tedious, such as cleaning the house, while others are risky, such as exploring a volcano. Other activities, such as exploring another world, cleaning inside a long pipe, or performing laparoscopic surgery, are physically impossible for people to complete. In places where humans cannot easily reach or produce toxic gases from waste, where there is a risk of damage when people arrive, auto robots of current technology can play a much better role. In some districts of Bangladesh, road cleaning work has been started with auto robots as a pilot project.
People have been extracting natural resources from mines for many ages. And people have been doing this hard work by digging the soil for many years. Trains were introduced to find simple ways to collect raw materials from mines. However, the use of robots in mining operations is increasing due to the change in trains, especially in this work, the risk is less. It is expected that the use of robots in the production of various mineral resources of Bangladesh such as coal from Dinajpur or stone from the bottom of the river Sylhet will also start at some point.
Drilling, longwall, and rock-breaking robots are all examples of automatic robots. On the ling rig, the Atlas Copco rig control system can automatically execute a drilling plan, move the rig to the correct position using GPS, set up the drill, and drill to a specific depth. Similarly, the Transmin Rocklogic device will schedule the placement of the rock breaker at the desired location automatically. These systems improve mining operations' safety and productivity significantly.
Bangladesh has also witnessed a change in the field of medicine in line with the times. The use of robots in various fields of surgery can be noticed in Bangladesh nowadays. Open heart surgery nowadays is performed by a small robot, so that the risk of operation is also reduced to a great extent. Or experiments like endoscopy or colonoscopy that bring pictures from inside the body for the treatment of the use of robots are also very useful there. Needless to say, robots will not be used in future tests like ECG or ultrasonography or X-ray. It is hoped that robots will be able to diagnose the amount of blood components and diagnose the disease by simply scanning the skin. Extensive research is underway.
Bionic and biomimetic robots
This is a technique for creating robots that are based on animals. The bionic kangaroo was created by researching and implementing the kangaroo movement.
The use of nanotechnology in research work is popular everywhere. Even though it is much smaller in size as it is made from molecules, it is quite hardened. Small robots that are as thin as hair are very popular in various research work. A few days ago, the University of Bangladesh handed over the robot to NASA for sending BRAC University Chandrobot-2 into space. Which was a lot of nanotechnology level. However, robots, including nanobots, were created to compete in robotic-coupe competitions. Researchers expect to be able to shrink whole robots down to the size of viruses or bacteria, allowing them to operate on a smaller scale. Microsurgery (individual cell layers), utility fog, processing, surgery, and cleaning are all possible applications. Some claim that if nano-boats could reproduce, the Earth would transform into a "grey goma," while others argue that this hypothetical outcome is irrelevant.
10 leading RPA Tools for Robotic Process Automation
1) Blue Prism
2) Inflectra Rapise
4) Automation Anywhere
7) Nice Systems
311) Visual Cron